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:: Volume 2, Issue 2 (4-2018) ::
3 2018, 2(2): 42-57 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Exercise on Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism in the Liver
Masoumeh Baghersalimi
PhD student in exercise biochemistry and metabolism, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
Abstract:   (484 Views)
The liver is a key metabolic organ and governs body energy metabolism. It acts as a hub to metabolically connect various tissues, including skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. The liver stores releases, and recycles potential energy. The strong response from the liver complies with the accelerated metabolic demands of the working muscle. Prolonged acute exercise reduces hepatic blood flow, stimulating hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis; but, lipid metabolism shows little change. The main triggers are humoral, but hepatic afferent nerves, cytokines, reactive oxygen species, and changes in hepatic blood flow may all play some role. Regular aerobic exercise training improves blood glucose control during exercise by increasing glycogen stores and up-regulating enzymes involved in gluconeogenesis and carbohydrate metabolism. Lipogenic enzymes are down-regulated, and lipid metabolism is augmented.
Keywords: Liver, Exercise, Fat Metabolism, Carbohydrate metabolism
Full-Text [PDF 337 kb]   (163 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Sport Biomechanics and its related branches
Received: 2018/02/10 | Accepted: 2018/04/14 | Published: 2018/04/17
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Baghersalimi M. Effect of Exercise on Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism in the Liver. 3. 2018; 2 (2) :42-57
URL: http://ijaspe.com/article-1-27-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 2 (4-2018) Back to browse issues page
International Journal of Applied Science in Physical Education International Journal of Applied Science in Physical Education
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